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Looking a definition some technical jargon you heard recently? Chances are you
will find your answer here.
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A company sells Internet connectivity.
A Java-like Microsoft language permits Web-originated programs be run from
Microsoft Explorer browser.
Client or robot programs, often able act autonomously or intelligently.
An alternative name an object, such a variable, file, or device.
An image (img) attribute specifying text can be displayed by a browser an
FTP transactions do not require a unique login name or password. Use name
"anonymous" log use your email address a password.
A high-level program can be included an HTML page, much like an image can
be included. The program's code then executed by browser. Note: Many older
browsers cannot interpret Java applets disregard them.
Applications software (also called end-user programs) includes database programs,
word processors, spreadsheets. Figuratively speaking, applications software sits
on top systems software because unable run without operating system
and system utilities.
A program enables you search files anywhere Internet by filename.
Words or numbers you enter part an HTML tag expand or modify how that
The precursor Internet, ARPANET was a large wide-area network created in
1969 by United States Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA).
Acronym AMERICAN STANDARD CODE FOR INFORMATION INTERCHANGE,
standard character set.
The process identifying an individual, usually based a username password.
Computer programs aid creating HTML documents by inserting code for
We employ extensive emergency backup systems including redundant power generators capable operating equipment during a complete power outage.
The amount data can be transmitted a fixed amount time. For digital
devices, bandwidth usually expressed bits per second(bps) or bytes per
The speed rate a data channel - expressed bits per second (bps) - which is
usually used when referring speed modems.
Bulletin Board System. An electronic message center. Most bulletin boards serve
specific interest groups.
Pertaining a number system has just two unique digits. Computers are based
on binary numbering system, which consists just two unique numbers, 0 1.
Short binary digit, smallest unit information a machine. A single bit can
hold only one two values: 0 or 1.
A test used compare performance hardware and/or software.
HTML tag used enclose body (all text tags) HTML document.
Nearly all Web browsers support a bookmarking feature lets you save the
address (URL) a Web page so you can easily re-visit page at a later time.
Short Web browser, a software application used locate display Web pages.
Eight bits; fundamental unit personal computer data.
Pronounced cash, a special high-speed storage mechanism. It can be either a
reserved section main memory or an independent high-speed storage device.
European Particle Physics Laboratory, developers World Wide Web
CGI (Common Gateway Interface)
The scripting language used write gateway scripts CERN NCSA Web
servers. CGI programs are most common way Web servers interact dynamically with users. Many HTML pages contain forms, example, use a CGI
program process form's data once it's submitted.
Real-time communication between two users via computer. Once a chat has been
initiated, either user can enter text by typing keyboard entered text
will appear other user's monitor.
One leading manufacturers network equipment. Cisco's primary business in
internetworking products, such routers, bridges, switches.
A network architecture which each computer or process network either a
client or a server. Servers are powerful computers or processes dedicated managing disk drives (file servers), printers (print servers), or network traffic
(network servers). Clients are PCs or workstations which users run applications.
Clients rely servers resources, such files, devices, even processing
Some companies own a server, but want locate secure environment a
Web hosting provider. That way they can take advantage fastest possible connections Internet while handing over day-to-day management site.
A computer buzzword refers a program or device's ability link with other
A message given a Web browser by a Web server. The browser stores the
message a text file called cookie.txt. The message then sent back server
each time browser requests a page from server.
Pairs numbers used define edges clickable areas clickable image
Pronounced demon or damon, a process runs background performs a
specified operation at predefined times or response certain events. The term
daemon a UNIX term, though many other operating systems provide support daemons, though they're sometimes called other names. Windows, example, refers
to daemons System Agents services. Typical daemon processes include print
spoolers, email handlers, other programs perform administrative tasks the
A database a structured set records, such a mailing list. A Web browser can
access a public database by Perl Scripts. There are many ways a user find
information a database. When data structured a table a single file, a
user need only browse page use browser's Find feature. However, search a relational database spread over many files, a sophisticated CGI script is
required access data.
Our Data Center Atlanta, GA features redundant T3s, 10/ 100 Mbs switched fast Ethernet, performance-proven Cisco routers Catalyst switches.
The outward bound traffic from a Web site, with exception email. Any HTML,
graphic, audio or video file accessed by someone viewing your site included.
A permanently connected telephone line between two computer systems. Dedicated
lines make up bulk Internet.
A dedicated server a single computer a network reserved serving needs
of network. For example, some networks require one computer be set aside
to manage communications between all other computers. A dedicated server could also be a computer manages printer resources.
An "on ramp" Internet—the service which allows one "dial" into Internet
through their communication lines.
An attachment an electronic message used security purposes. The most
common use a digital certificate verify a user sending a message who
he or she claims be, provide receiver with means encode a reply.
A photograph stored a format recognizable usable by computers.
A major division a hard drive or server used divide organize files.
Disk Storage Space
The amount server disk storage allocated your account. This space can be used
to store HTML graphics files, programs or scripts, mail messages, compressed
files, or other files make up your Web site. This does not include log files, as
they are owned by processes server. Space can be purchased $5 per
month each additional 20 MB.
Short Digital Linear Tape, a type magnetic tape storage device originally
developed by DEC now marketed by several companies. DLTs are half an inch wide cartridges come several sizes ranging from 20 over 40 GB. DLT
drives are faster than most other types tape drives, achieving transfer rates 2.5
Short Domain Name System (or Service), an Internet service translates
domain names into IP addresses. Because domain names are alphabetic, they're easier remember. The Internet however, really based IP addresses. Every
time you use a domain name, therefore, a DNS service must translate name into
the corresponding IP address. For example, domain name www.example.com
might translate 126.96.36.199.
An article, book, or other work, typically containing text or other media, includes
The name a company, organization, or individual's Internet connection. Individual
computers within this domain all end with domain a part their host name.
To transfer a file from another computer your computer.
Ecommerce (electronic commerce) The purchasing items over Internet
Email (electronic mail)
A communication system allows you send text, files and/or graphical
messages over Internet.
An autoresponder will send a standard response email message (based a text file
you specify) anyone who sends an email a specific email address (which you
specify) at your domain.
We offer fully POP3 compliant Email boxes can be used send receive Email from any connection Internet.
wehas a wide selection options features including unlimited aliases, forwarding autoresponders as
well attractive volume discounts.
The translation data into a secret code. Encryption most effective way to
achieve data security. To read an encrypted file, you must have access a secret
key or password enables you decrypt it. Unencrypted data called plain
text; encrypted data referred cipher text.
A local-area network (LAN) protocol developed by Xerox Corporation cooperation
with DEC Intel 1976. Ethernet uses a bus or star topology supports data
transfer rates 10 Mbps. It one most widely implemented LAN standards. A
newer version Ethernet, called 100Base-T (or Fast Ethernet), supports data transfer rates 100 Mbps. And newest version, Gigabit Ethernet supports data
rates 1 gigabit (1,000 megabits) per second.
Frequently Asked Questions - role these answer majority questions
commonly asked by newcomers. FAQs provide a means by which questions are frequently asked can be collated into
on document. The majority FAQs are posted USENET related groups.
The patterns standards used store a program a disk. Examples are GIF,
A file server a computer storage device dedicated storing files. Any user on
the network can store files server.
A system designed prevent unauthorized access or from a private network.
Firewalls can be implemented both hardware software, or a combination both.
HTML documents designed with fill-in text boxes, lists options, other elements
that allow user form send information back Web server. (E.g.
registration form, order form, etc.)
An HTML tag introduced by Netscape allow partitioning browser window into
independent document display areas.
A packet-switching protocol connecting devices a Wide Area Network (WAN).
Frame Relay networks U.S. support data transfer rates at T-1 (1.544 Mbps)
and T-3 (45 Mbps) speeds. In fact, you can think Frame Relay a way utilizing
existing T-1 T-3 lines owned by a service provider. Most telephone companies
now provide Frame Relay service customers who want connections at 56 Kbps to
Copyrighted software given away free by author. Although available for
free, author retains copyright, which means you cannot do anything with not expressly allowed by author. Usually, author allows people
to use software, but not sell it.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
The primary method accessing files via Internet.
You will have unlimited access your account via FTP, FrontPage, or telnet 24
hours a day order maintain your site. It recommended majority of
work your site be done locally your own system then uploaded our server. This affords you most flexibility safety regard backing up your
Anonymous FTP (UNIX only)
Allows users access your Web site with standard FTP client software order
to upload/download files without supplying a unique username password (anonymous). With advent current HTTP specifications browsers,
however, this fairly moot, since same can be done through your browser. Some
people just prefer have anonymous FTP available, whether or not they use regularly.
A popular type image file format. Stands Graphic Image Format.
2 30th power (1,073,741,824) bytes. One gigabyte equal 1,024
megabytes. Gigabyte often abbreviated G or GB.
A menu-based information system Internet popularized because its ability
to interconnect different Gopher sites same menu.
A class software helps groups colleagues (workgroups), attached a
local-area network organize their activities. Typically, groupware supports following operations: scheduling meetings allocating resources, email, password
protection documents, telephone utilities, electronic newsletters, file distribution.
Groupware sometimes called workgroup productivity software.
The HTML tag used enclose beginning elements HTML document,
The first page you intend people see at your Web site.
The name a computer Internet, used identify URL naming
Hosting, Web Hosting
To provide infrastructure a computer service. For example, a company like
us host Web servers. This means we provide hardware, software, communications lines required by server, but content server may
be controlled by customer.
HTML (HyperText Markup Language)
The coding scheme used format text use World Wide Web.
HTTP (HyperText Transport Protocol)
The transmission standard used send HTML documents across World Wide Web
A special type database system, invented by Ted Nelson 1960s, which
objects (text, pictures, music, programs, so on) can be creatively linked each
Site or documents can be automatically updated or provide a measure of
interaction with reader.
The general term used describe worldwide network computers services
encompassing some 20-40 million computer users dozens information systems
including email, Gopher, FTP, World Wide Web.
Microsoft's Web browser. Like Netscape Navigator, Internet Explorer enables you to
A collaborative project between AT&T Network Solutions, Inc. (NSI) supported
by National Science Foundation. The project currently offers following four
services users Internet.
InterNIC Directory Database Services - online white pages directory and
directory publicly accessible databases managed by AT&T.
Registration Services - domain name IP address assignment managed by
Support Services - outreach, education, information services the
Internet community managed by NSI.
Net Scout Services - online publications summarize recent happenings of
interest Internet users (managed by NSI).
An internal (private) version Internet.
Every computer connected Internet has have an address. This expressed
in two ways: an IP address dotted decimal form, e.g. 188.8.131.52; or by a
more memorable machine name, e.g. vdswebhosting.com. Each computer has a unique IP address, allowing computers address data they send the
correct computer Internet
An Integrated Serviced Digital Network allows you send digital information at
speeds 128Kb over normal telephone network. Just like a telephone call, you
dial number computer you are calling establish a digital connection. It
takes only a few milliseconds cost same a normal telephone call.
ISP (Internet Service Provider)
A company provides access Internet. For a monthly fee, service
provider gives you a software package, username, password access phone number. Equipped with a modem, you can then log Internet browse the
World Wide Web USENET, send receive email. In addition serving individuals, ISPs also serve large companies, providing a direct connection from the
company's networks Internet. ISPs themselves are connected one another
through Network Access Points (NAPs).
Short Independent Software Vendor, a company produces software.
A programming language designed program execution client side, i.e. a
browser. It best creating applets applications Internet, intranets
and any other complex distributed network.
A proprietary scripting language by Netscape adds author-specified user events
to static pages.
Joint Photographic Experts Group, ISO/CCITT standard compressing still images
(grayscale or color).
Short kilobyte. When used describe data storage, KB usually represents 1,024
bytes. When used describe data transfer rates, KB represents 1,000 bytes.
In text editing database management systems, a keyword an index entry that
identifies a specific record or document or a searchable term extracted from a data
set during indexing.
Short Local Area Network or a computer network spans a relatively small
area. Most LANs are confined a single building or group buildings. However, one
LAN can be connected other LANs over any distance via telephone lines radio
waves. A system LANs connected this way called a wide-area network (WAN).
The text or graphic used an HTML document jump from one document to
another. Typically underlined.
A file lists actions that occurred. For example, Web servers maintain log files
listing every request made server. With log file analysis tools like WebTrends,
it's possible get a good idea where visitors are coming from, how often they
return, how they navigate through a site. Using cookies enables Webmasters to
log even more detailed information about how individual users are accessing a site.
Short megabyte (1,000,000 or 1,048,576 bytes, depending context).
An on-screen display that lists available choices.
Microsoft FrontPage Extensions
FrontPage extensions are available both Unix NT order you use the
FrontPage client software create your Web site. Support FrontPage client
software provided by Microsoft.
Short Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions, a specification formatting
non-ASCII messages so that they can be sent over Internet. Many email clients
now support MIME, which enables them send receive graphics, audio, video files via Internet mail system. In addition, MIME supports messages in
character sets other than ASCII.
Stands MOdulator/DEModulator - a device that translates digital information
from your computer into analogue signals that can be passed down an ordinary telephone line. This allows one computer 'talk' another computer using the
telephone line a medium.
A typeface which width each character same.
One first graphical browsers. Developed by NCSA, this browser fueled the
growth Web. It available versions Windows, Mac, UNIX.
The original name Netscape's browser, now called Navigator. Some people claim
that term a contraction Mosaic Godzilla (e.g., Mosaic killer), since Mosaic
was number one Web browser at time Netscape began developing its product. The term Mozilla still used by many Web developers appears server
log files that identify browsers being used.
Documents that combine text, graphics, sound, movies, or other media.
A true multi-user, multi-threaded SQL (Structured Query Language) database server.
SQL most popular database language world. MySQL a client/server
implementation that consists a server daemon mysqld many different client
A popular commercial graphical browser. It available versions Windows, Mac,
and UNIX, used by approximately 60% people that use WWW.
Short Networks Operations Center. The weNOC provides 24x7 monitoring of
our Network including: Real-time Network status, Performance reporting, Real-time
alarming, event correlation forecasting.
In networks, a processing location. A node can be a computer or some other device,
such a printer. Every node has a unique network address, sometimes called a Data
Link Control (DLC) address or Media Access Control (MAC) address.
NT (Windows NT)
The most advanced version Windows operating system. Windows NT a
32-bit operating system that supports preemptive multitasking. There are actually
two versions Windows NT: Windows NT Server, designed act a server networks Windows NT Workstation stand-alone or client workstations.
Stands original equipment manufacturer. OEMs buy computers bulk and
customize them a particular application. They then sell customized computer
under their own name.
A piece a message transmitted over a packet-switching network. One key
features a packet that contains destination address addition the
data. In IP networks, packets are often called datagrams.
A parked domain points exactly same HTML files primary domain does
since they share same IP number. The parked domain cannot point directly a
subdirectory primary domain. It possible make users refer subdirectories have mail be received at parked domain, but some the
``virtualness" lost more technical than can be discussed here.
Popular Extraction report Language, most widely used language for
programming CGI applications.
Short Picture Element, a pixel a single point a graphic image. Graphics
monitors display pictures by dividing display screen into thousands (or millions) of
pixels, arranged rows columns.
The actual facility retrieve email directly from our server using a standard email
client, such Eudora, Pegasus, Netscape Mail or Internet Explorer Mail.
An interface a computer which you can connect a device. Personal computers
have various types ports. Internally, there are several ports connecting disk
drives, display screens, keyboards. Externally, personal computers have ports for
connecting modems, printers, mice, other peripheral devices.
A typeface which width a character varies, i.e. an "i" narrower than an
A request information from a database. There are three general methods for
posing queries: (1) Choosing parameters from a menu: In this method, database
system presents a list parameters from which you can choose. (2) Query by example (QBE): In this method, system presents a blank record lets you
specify fields values that define query. (3) Query language: Many database systems require you make requests information form a
stylized query that must be written a special query language.
An acronym random access memory, a type computer memory that can be
accessed randomly; that is, any byte memory can be accessed without touching preceding bytes. RAM most common type memory found computers
and other devices, such printers.
Occurring immediately. The term used describe a number different computer
features. For example, real-time operating systems are systems that respond input
Pronounced rahm, acronym read-only memory, computer memory which data
has been prerecorded. Once data has been written onto a ROM chip, cannot be removed can only be read.
The top directory a file system. The root directory provided by operating
system has a special name; example, DOS systems root directory is
called \. The root directory sometimes referred simply root.
A device that connects two Local Area Networks. Routers are similar bridges, but
provide additional functionality, such ability filter messages forward
them different places based various criteria. The Internet uses routers extensively forward packets from one host another.
A program that searches documents specified keywords returns a list the
documents where keywords were found. Although search engine really a general class programs, term often used specifically describe systems like
Alta Vista Excite that enable users search documents World Wide
Web USENET newsgroups.
A computer or device a network that manages network resources. For example, a
file server a computer storage device dedicated storing files. Any user on
the network can store files server. A print server a computer that manages
one or more printers, a network server a computer that manages network traffic. A database server a computer system that processes database queries.
Server-Side Scripting Programming Languages A variety scripting programming languages available you order give
greater function your Web site. Some primary examples are: Unix, perl, shell
script, Server-Side Includes (SSI), PHP, Miva (formerly HTMLScript), NT, Cold Fusion,
and Active Server Pages (ASP).
Software that distributed at no cost user (the author maintains the
Short Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, a protocol sending email messages
between servers. Most email systems that send mail over Internet use SMTP to
send messages from one server another; messages can then be retrieved with
an email client using either POP or IMAP.
In UNIX some other operating systems, a software object that connects an
application a network protocol. In UNIX, example, a program can send receive TCP/IP messages by opening a socket reading writing data and
from socket. This simplifies program development because programmer need
only worry about manipulating socket can rely operating system to
actually transport messages across network correctly.
Secure Socket Layer, or SSL, support allows transfer data a secure
A dedicated phone connection supporting data rates 1.544Mbits per second. A T-1
line actually consists 24 individual channels, each which supports 64Kbits per
second. Each 64Kbit/second channel can be configured carry voice or data traffic.
A dedicated phone connection supporting data rates about 43 Mbps. A T-3 line
actually consists 672 individual channels, each which supports 64 Kbps.
The basic unit HTML coding, consisting a word inside less-than (<) and
greater-than (>) brackets.
Acronym Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, suite of
communications protocols used connect hosts Internet. TCP/IP uses
several protocols, two main ones being TCP IP. TCP/IP built into UNIX
operating system used by Internet, making de facto standard for
transmitting data over networks. Even network operating systems that have their own protocols, such Netware, also support TCP/IP.
The science translating sound into electrical signals, transmitting them, then
converting them back sound; that is, science telephones. The term used
frequently refer computer hardware software that performs functions traditionally performed by telephone equipment.
A method logging onto remote computer systems using a terminal program or other
applications using Telnet protocol. You can use Telnet application run
commands programs a remote computer.
A host operating system developed by AT&T that allows multiple clients access
the resources one host simultaneously. Many news, mail, WWW name servers Internet use this operating system.
Defined by Tim Berners-Lee's 1993 IETF Draft "Uniform Resource Locators" ---
describing a document or service internet a string which identifies the
protocol, server machine, additional information (e.g., file path)
A worldwide bulletin board system that can be accessed through Internet or
through many online services. The USENET contains more than 14,000 forums, called
newsgroups that cover every imaginable interest group. It used daily by millions of
people around world.
Short Unix-to-Unix Copy, a Unix utility protocol that enables one computer to
send files another computer over a direct serial connection or via modems the
telephone system. For most file transfer applications, UUCP has been superseded by
other protocols, such FTP, SMTP NNTP
Virtual Web servers are a very popular way providing low-cost Web hosting
services. Instead requiring a separate computer each server, dozens virtual
servers can co-reside same computer. In most cases, performance not affected each Web site behaves if being served by a dedicated server.
Short virtual private network, a network that constructed by using public wires
to connect nodes. For example, there are a number systems that enable you create networks using Internet medium transporting data. These
systems use encryption other security mechanisms ensure that only authorized users can access network and that data cannot be intercepted.
Pronounced ver-mal, and short Virtual Reality Modeling Language, VRML a
specification displaying 3-dimensional objects World Wide Web. You can
think 3-D equivalent HTML. Files written VRML have a .wrl extension
(short world). To view these files, you need a VRML browser or a VRML plug-in to
a Web browser.
A computer network that spans a relatively large geographical area. Typically, a WAN
consists two or more local-area networks (LANs). Computers connected a wide-area network are often connected through public networks, such the
telephone system. They can also be connected through leased lines or satellites. The
largest WAN existence Internet.
A variety methods available order create dynamic sites that interact with
databases. PHP-mSQL or PHP-mySQL and HTMLScript dBase-compatible are available Unix, while Cold Fusion-ODBC compatible (Access, FoxPro, dBase) are
An individual who manages a Web site. Depending size of site, the
Webmaster might be responsible any of following: Making sure that Web
server hardware and software running properly, Designing Web site, Creating
and updating Web pages, Replying user feedback, Creating CGI scripts, Monitoring
traffic through site.
A computer that delivers (serves up) Web pages. Every Web server has an IP
address and possibly a domain name. For example, if you enter URL http://webhosting.vds.com/index.html your browser, this sends a request to
the server whose domain name vdswebhosting.com. The server then fetches page named index.html and sends your browser.
An Internet utility that returns information about a domain name or IP address. For
example, if you enter a domain name such vdswebhosting.com, whois will return name and address of domain's owner.
A special symbol that stands one or more characters. Many operating systems
and applications support wildcards identifying files and directories. This enables
you select multiple files with a single specification. For example, DOS and
Windows, asterisk (*) a wild card that stands any combination of letters.
The World Wide Web simplest terms an internationally networked organized
collection of information. What does this mean? Basically this means using right
software you can read, see and even hear specific information that someone else has
made public via your computer.
Short eXtensible Markup Language, a new specification being developed by the
W3C. XML a pared-down version of SGML, designed especially Web documents.
It enables designers create their own customized tags provide functionality not
available with HTML. For example, XML supports links that point multiple documents, opposed HTML links, which can reference just one destination